Local Action 1:
Institutional development and political process, Capacity building and social learning, Application of science, technology and knowledge.
(1) Scientific-Information Center of the Interstate Commission for Water Coordination in Central Asia and (2) GWP CACENA RTAC
Prof. Victor Dukhovny – Director SIC ICWC and Vadim Sokolov – Chairman GWP CACENA.
Description of the problem:
The real IWRM implementation could be achieved if there will be proper transition:
A number of the pilot projects ongoing in the region are good basis to justify practical measures in water management reforms. The following projects are taken into account: (1) “IWRM in Fergana Valley” funded by Swiss SDC and implemented by Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, (2) “Feasibility Study for IWRM in Lowlands of Amudarya and Syrdarya” funded by the USA State Department and implemented by Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, (3) “National IWRM and Water Efficiency Plan for Kazakhstan” funded by Norway, facilitated by UNDP and GWP CACENA.
Impact of implemented activity:
Based on listed pilot projects outputs including organizational, institutional, technical and other measures under condition of satisfactory funding and capacity building the real progress can be achieved in water resources management reforming over the Central Asian region:
Types of stakeholders involved:
National authorities (ministries and institutions) responsible for water management and different water uses, Basin organizations, NGOs including Water User Associations, Mass-media, International organizations.
Means of stakeholder involvement:
Long-term commitment and targets:
To sustain the ongoing processes there are needed the following actions:
Originality and innovative ideas:
In the result of this action the Regional position paper “IWRM in Central Asia: Lessons and practical result” will be submitted for the wide audience. There will be detailed explanation that IWRM is a system but not a process (as it is actually presented in the existed world bibliography). Management process foresees stable framework of all participating subjects targeted to certain task fulfillment. In reality this framework (including institutions, regulations and development mechanisms, etc) faced with dynamic processes (in space and time) around water resources management. That is why we should take into account as a single substance the system of framework and process. From the very beginning this system determines stability of final goal and principles to achieve this goal, but the framework and process it-self should be adaptive to variable conditions and destabilizing factors on the way to this final goal. It should be even self-organized system due to necessity for self-perfection of the framework and process inside the system.
Actually there are using funds granted by certain donors: Swiss SDC for the project in Fergana Valley, the USA State Department – for lowlands of Amudarya and Syrdarya, Norway and UNDP – for National plan in Kazakhstan. Some contributions made by GWP, CIDA, DFID and USAID.
This action has its focus on broad circle of water professionals including decision makers determining water policy and reforms in water governance and management over the Central Asia. It is also addressing to civil society representatives interested in proper reforms realization. Actors involved should realize from the beginning that their country, region and settlement already faced serious water-related problems and to understand that these issues could not be now resolved by traditional methods.