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Water-charging irrigation for rangelands used for growing forage crops


Title Water-charging irrigation for rangelands used for growing forage crops
Category of tools Irrigation technique and technology
Field of application

• Use of water resources
• Use of land resources

Usability of practice for adaptation to climate change High
Used by

Country: Kazakhstan

Province: Jambyl Region

District: Talas District

Settlement: Village of Sadu Shakirov

Local specifics

The site is located in the desert foothill plain in South-ern Kazakhstan (internal drain area) at the very end of Sharuashlyk Irrigation Canal.

Practice usage period

Start date: 01.05.2008

End date: 30.04.2009

Problem solved through this practice

Acute water shortage; land degradation in the village of Sadu Shakirov; abandoned irrigated arable lands used only for year-round cattle grazing.

For a long time, the irrigation canal was not operation-al and, thus, became dilapidated. The situation in the area was aggravated by climate change impacts (de-creased quantity of early spring, summer and winter precipitation, increased average annual temperature, spring and autumn frost bites and summer droughts).

Tools used in the practice

Method of autumn and winter water-charging irrigation

Description of the practice and its results

1) Reconstruction of the canal, stop-gates and field irrigation networks (rehabilitation of irrigation furrows),
2) Setting up artificial pastures with forage crops


Financial and economic:
Using water-charging irrigation for rangelands allowed increasing their productivity from 3.5 to 5 dt/ha and receiving 60 tons of herbage for cattle and sheep and goats from non-cultivated land.

1) 12 km of the canal and 5 stop-gates to regulate water releases restored,
2) 5 km of irrigation furrows built,
3) Cultivated pastures with forage crops created (soil preparation, alfaalfa planting, coordination of irrigation norms),
4) Fields are prepared during the summer-fall period, and watered during late fall or early spring.

Lessons learnt and recommendations made

Lessons learnt:
Application of water-charging irrigation allowed in-creasing water availability and, as the result, productivity of agricultural crops.

Application of water-charging irrigation demonstrated the efficiency of water use and allowed local popula-tion to go through winter without losing livestock.

The method can be used in areas/communities where along with crop growing the population is also involved in livestock breeding.

Source of practice

Traditional tools transferred from generation to generation that proved their efficiency in modern conditions

Brief information on the project

Project title: Fall and early spring Irrigation of arable land and pastures as an adaptation mechanism of ra-tional water use in Southern Kazakhstan

Duration: May 1, 2008 – April 30, 2009

Project goal and objectives: reduce land degradation due to climate change by way of rational use of irriga-tion water. The project was implemented to prevent loss of cattle due to forage shortage during alternating droughty years.

Project beneficiaries: local population.

Project implementer: Kogal LLC

Funding source Kogal LLC
Information sources

1) UNDP Compilation “Climate change adaptation: ex-amples from Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan”, Tashkent 2012;

Form submission date 29.03.2018
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