|Improving water distribution in water user association/s (WUA)
|Category of tools
|Water distribution technology
|Field of application
Use of water resources
|Usability of practice for adaptation to climate change
|IWMI Tashkent Office jointly with Counterpart representatives
Province: South Kazakhstan Region
District: Maktaaral District
|Practice also applied in the following localities
Rural Water Consumer Cooperatives (RWCC) are located in the tail part of Dostyk and Turkestan Main Canals (TMC)
|Practice usage period
Start date: 01.01.2006
End date: 31.12.2006
|Problem solved through this practice
Conflicts between water users associated with water distribution;
Loss of water from canals (due to filtration and discharge)
|Tools used in the practice
|Description of the practice and its results
Based on the location of RWCCs and with the account of recommendations by akimats (local governance bodies), 8 RWCCs were selected to conduct a survey based on specially prepared questionnaires. Survey results showed that the main issues in target rural areas were water distribution among consumers and drawing up water use plans (WUP) for RWCCs. The proceeding trainings seminars focused on exactly these themes. At the end of the year, the monitoring of the introduction of new water distribution methods was conducted.
Application of this water distribution practice allowed to sharply reduce the quantity of conflict situations as well as nearly eliminate water losses due to filtration at the canals’ headworks and discharge.
|Lessons learnt and recommendations made
Hourly water distribution allows more flexibility in the context of water deficit. After the trainings for water users and WUAs personnel on hourly water distribution, the number of corresponding conflicts decreased.
Considering the high turnover of RWCC staff, the trainings should be repeated on annual basis. Hourly water distribution schemes should be used in locations/periods of acute water shortage.
|Source of practice
|Brief information on the project
Counterpart holds seminars, training courses and programs on effective use of water resources in Kazakhstan with the aim of assisting farmers and other land users in building up their corresponding skills as well as teaching them basic water use principles. In the course of its collaboration with Counterpart, IWMI analyzed and studied the reclamation condition of irrigated land plots and the technical state of irrigation and drainage networks in Makhtaaral and Turkestan Districts of Southern Kazakhstan Region.
Project title: Support Program for water associations in Southern Kazakhstan
Project duration: 1 year
Project goal and objectives: train water users on new water distribution techniques, computer technologies for drawing WUPs, most simple methods of water accounting.
Project beneficiaries: water consumers
Project implementer: local akimats
Project donor: USAID
|Support Program for water associations in Southern Kazakhstan
IWMI Report “Training on water management on RWCC level and drawing up the water use plan for Makhtaaral and Turkestan Districts of Southern Kazakhstan Region”, Tashkent 2006
|Form submission date
|Print Compare with other practice