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Sprinkling irrigation of alfaalfa in the conditions of Central Tajikistan


Title Sprinkling irrigation of alfaalfa in the conditions of Central Tajikistan
Category of tools Sprinkling system
Field of application
  • Use of water resources
  • Use of land resources
Usability of practice for adaptation to climate change High
Implemented by GU “TajikNIIGiM” (“Research and Development Insti-tute of Hydraulic Engineering and Reclamation of Tajikistan” State Enterprise)
Used by

Country: Tajikistan

Province: Districts of Republican Subordination

District: Rudaki

Settlement: Khosilot Farm

Local specifics
  • Ground water occurrence below 5 meters;
  • Typical gray soil, surface slope – 0.04.
Practice usage period

Start date: 01.01.2013

End date: 31.12.2015

Problem solved through this practice

Low efficiency of furrow irrigation; deficit of irrigation water; poor alfaalfa yields; eroded soil; low income of farmers.

Tools used in the practice

Sprinkling irrigation system for alfaalfa

Description of the practice and its results


  • Project design and budgeting, procurement of sprinkling nozzles;
  • Installation of sprinkling irrigation system, alfaalfa planting and cultivation, crop care.


Financial and economic:

increased farmer incomes due to better alfaalfa hay yields; enhanced labor productivity; reduced production costs.


improved ecological and reclamation condition of irrigated land; production of ecologically clean goods; significantly reduced unproductive water losses and soil erosion.


increased alfaalfa hay yields (29 t/ha) compared to furrow irrigation (on average 18 t/ha); 40% saving of irrigation water.


increased wellbeing of local residents due to better agricultural yields; reduced hard manual labor.

Lessons learnt and recommendations made

Lessons learnt:

Deployment of sprinkling irrigation systems allows increasing alfaalfa productivity and water saving as well enhancing soil reclamation condition and structure, watering efficiency, etc.


It is necessary to widely introduce sprinkling irrigation to enhance the efficiency of water and land resources, reduce manual labor costs and save irrigation water.

Source of practice

Domestic tools (outcomes of research by domestic R&D organizations)

Readiness for implementation

1. Cost of implementation: High

2. Approximate cost of investment per 1 ha: $3,000/ha

3. O&M costs: High

4. Expert support: Needed at implementation stage

Brief information on the project

Project title: Sprinkling irrigation of alfaalfa in the conditions of Central Tajikistan.

Project duration: 2013-2015.

Project goal and objectives: deployment of sprinkling irrigation for alfaalfa; observance of optimal irrigation mode(s) and techniques ensuring 30 t/ha alfaalfa hay yield with minimal energy consumption in the conditions of Central Tajikistan.

Project beneficiaries: farmers of Khosilot Farm.

Project implementer: GU “TajikNIIGiM”.

Funding source National budget via Ministry of Energy and Water Re-sources, GU “TajikNIIGiM”
Information sources

Research report by GU “TajikNIIGiM”, Dushanbe, 2015, 24 p.

Form submission date 03.04.2018
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