|Title||Increasing water availability of pastures by constructing sardobas|
|Category of tools||System for enhancing water availability|
|Field of application||
|Usability of practice for adaptation to climate change||Moderate|
|Implemented by||Ministry of Nature Conservation of Turkmenistan
17,238 ha of barkhan (sand dune), takyr (dry-type playa) and solonchak (moist-type playa) sites of the Kara Kum Desert; deep ground water occurrence
|Practice usage period||
Start date: 01.01.2012
End date: 31.12.2016
|Problem solved through this practice||
Desertification and decreased productivity of desert pastures due to over-grazing around existing cattle watering sites
|Tools used in the practice||
Technology of building sardobas (stone-dome covered water collection and storage reservoirs) to enhance pasture water supply
|Description of the practice and its results||
|Lessons learnt and recommendations made||
Construction of sardobas in takyr areas allows enhancing pasture water supply, thus, leading to the restoration of over-grazed pastures.
The practice requires long-term planning and an integrated response with the early-on engagement of desertification experts (designing a set of measures to protect takyrs from sand drifts), state agencies (technical assistance) and pasture users (observance of pasture rotation schemes, prevention of takyrs from contamination and pollution).
|Source of practice||
Traditional tools transferred from generation to generation that proved their efficiency in modern conditions
|Readiness for implementation||
1. Cost of implementation: Low
2. Approximate cost of investment per 1 ha: $1,000-5,000
3. O&M costs: Low
4. Expert support: Needed at implementation stage
|Brief information on the project||
Project title: Responding to climate change risks for dekhan farming system of Turkmenistan on national and local levels.
Project duration: 2012-2016.
Project goal and objectives: build the adaptation capacity to respond to climate change impacts, including variability on local and national levels.
Project beneficiaries: Bori Settlement (over 1,100 people) and Bo-Kurdak Settlement (about 4,500 people).
Project implementer: Ministry of Nature Conservation and UNDP
|Funding source||Government of Turkmenistan, Adaptation Facility|
|Form submission date||04.04.2018|
|Print Compare with other practice|