|Title||Collecting surface drain and saving water for the development of vegetable and fruit gardening to prevent pasture degradation|
|Category of tools||System for enhancing water availability|
|Field of application||
|Usability of practice for adaptation to climate change||High|
|Implemented by||Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan and German Technical Cooperation Agency (GIZ)
Province: Ahal Region
The site (9,000 ha, natural juniper woods) is located in the southwestern section of the Central Kopetdagh – a mountain and agro-environmental zone close to the border with Iran with the population of about 12,000 people engaged in agro-livestock production.
|Practice usage period||
Start date: 01.01.2009
End date: 31.12.2010
|Problem solved through this practice||
Natural juniper is cut down as heating timber, and water shortage is connected to poor precipitation. As a rule, villagers collect surface water flowing down the mountain slopes into the specially built tanks called “goudans”. In good years, goudans keep enough irrigation water for one season. However, during the last 5-6 years the goudans didn’t fill up due to insufficient rain. Deforested slopes are unable to hold rainwater due to quick drain. Because of water deficiency, local population is gradually shifting away from agriculture and gardening and is increasingly focusing on livestock breeding. As a result of excessive use of pastures, fodder is not able to grow on the trodden land which leads to further erosion of mountain slopes.
|Tools used in the practice||
Set of measures for collecting surface water drain on slope land (construction of a series of small dams; drip irrigation; planting out of juniper)
|Description of the practice and its results||
|Lessons learnt and recommendations made||
Enhanced methods of collecting surface drain and saving water are necessary to compensate the growing water shortage in order to allow communities to go back to agriculture and make cattle breeding more sustainable. They are also necessary to stop the increasing degradation of mountain slopes.
Technologies for application in the future:
|Source of practice||
Domestic tools (outcomes of research by domestic R&D organizations)
|Brief information on the project||
Project title: Local-level capacity building and investment for sustainable management of land resources.
Project duration: 2009-2010.
Project goal and objectives: combating desertification and droughts.
Project beneficiaries: population of Garavul and Konegummez daikhan settlements in Bakharly Etrap (district) of Akhal Velayat (Region).
Project implementer: Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan and German Technical Cooperation Agency (GIZ).
|Funding source||UNDP and Global Environmental Facility|
|Form submission date||17.04.2018|
|Print Compare with other practice|