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Knowledge base “IWRM: Central Asian experience”

The key IWRM principles accepted in the region:

  • The main IWRM objectives - sustainable, stable, reasonable and equitable water supply for all uses and nature.
  • Water and environmental governance performed within hydrographic boundaries in accordance with the basin morphology.
  • Management accounts the all types of available waters (surface, underground, return) with consideration of the climatic conditions (precipitation and evaporation).
  • Public participation not only in governance, but also in funding, maintenance, planning and development.
  • Close coordination of water use in the horizontal direction among sectors and in the vertical – among levels of water management hierarchy.
  • Information exchange, transparency, openness, accountability.
  • Water saving and rational use, combat unproductive losses – the main priority for water users and water agencies.

Critical factors that made IWRM approach so successful for Central Asia:

  • The key IWRM principles were clearly formulated and accepted by the key stakeholders
  • De-fragmentation of the IWRM into proper components: IWRM = Water Resources Management Process + Governance System + Tools
  • Governance system covered all vertical levels of hierarchy and created platform for horizontal (inter-sector) coordination
  • The project prioritized legal aspects for practical implementation of the IWRM
  • Social mobilization – the principal tool to enable environment for IWRM
  • Orientation to proper indicators


Financial support:

CAWater-Info / Knowledge Base /