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News: April 2007


ADB approved a total US$7.4 billion in loans in 2006, reflecting a 28% increase over the previous year's level, according to the ADB Annual Report 2006, released ahead of the 40th Annual Meeting to be held 4–7 May in Kyoto, Japan.

"Sustainable economic growth was the most prevalent theme," said ADB's latest annual report, in describing the general thrust of the 67 projects supported by the loans approved in 2006.

Grants approved in 2006 amounted to US$538.4 million, earmarked for 43 projects. This amount is less than half the US$1.1 billion in grants approved in 2005, when more funds were needed to immediately address the destruction wrought by the December 2004 Asian tsunami and the earthquake that struck Pakistan in October 2005.


The People's Republic of China received US$1.6 billion, or 21%, of the total loans that ADB extended last year, making it the biggest loan recipient.

The finance sector was the top recipient of ADB loans last year, receiving US$1.8 billion, or 24%, of total loans, sharply higher than the US$261.2 million the sector secured in 2005. The transportation and communications sector received the largest share of loans that ADB provided in 2005.

Loans with government guarantees last year totaled US$6.8 billion for 59 projects. Out of this amount, US$5.5 billion for 26 loans came from the ordinary capital resources of ADB, while the balance, which financed 45 loans, was sourced from the concessional Asian Development Fund (ADF).

Overall, sovereign lending increased 30% over the US$5.2 billion approved in 2005.

ADB approved two nonsovereign loans last year for state-owned enterprises worth US$150 million. ADB also approved seven loans amounting to US$425 million that did not carry government guarantees. Private sector loans declined 17% from the US$513 million approved by ADB for six projects in 2005.

ADB approved eight multitranche financing facilities (MFFs) totaling US$3.8 billion last year, compared with two MFFs amounting to US$1.5 billion in 2005. ADB approved three MFFs for Pakistan totaling US$2.2 billion; three others valued at US$1.1 billion for India; a US$430 million facility for Bangladesh; and a US$50 million facility for the People's Republic of China.


Of the total grants ADB approved last year, US$274.9 million came from ADF IX, while US$235 million came from external sources, with full or partial administration by ADB. The balance was sourced from the Asian Tsunami Fund and Pakistan Earthquake Fund.

In 2004, the 28 ADF donor-members of ADB agreed on a US$7 billion replenishment of the ADF. The replenishment was referred to as ADF IX and covers the period 2005–2008. ADF IX grants help countries reduce the debt burden of development finance, make the transition from conflict to peace and stability, and combat HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases.

In 2006, parallel grants of US$111.9 million were also provided from multilateral and bilateral institutions without ADB administration services for five ADB-funded projects.

Technical Assistance

ADB approved 260 technical assistance projects valued at US$241.6 million last year, of which 234 were new projects while 26 were supplementary projects. Last year's technical assistance was 22% higher than the US$198.5 million for 299 projects approved in 2005.

Of the total technical assistance projects, 73 were for project preparation, 98 were advisory, and 89 were for regional assistance. Of the total amount approved, US$92.3 million came from the Technical Assistance Special Fund, US$56.6 million from the Japan Special Fund, and the balance from other multilateral and bilateral sources.

Equity Operations

Fourteen equity investments valued at US$260.5 million were approved last year, compared with US$196.5 million for eight equity investments in 2005.

Cofinancing and Guarantee Operations

In 2006, ADB arranged US$1.5 billion direct value-added cofinancing for 103 projects, of which US$1.4 billion supported 29 investment projects and US$92.7 million helped finance 74 technical assistance projects.

Direct value-added cofinancing for investment projects comprised US$124.8 million for 3 guarantee operations, US$530 million for 5 syndication operations, US$166.1 million for 12 grant operations, and US$569.2 million for 11 official loan cofinancing operations.

Nondirect value-added cofinancing amounted to about US$4.5 billion in the form of parallel grants and loans for 20 ADB-financed projects and programs.

Nonsovereign Operations

ADB approved about US$1.4 billion for financial markets and infrastructure nonsovereign projects in 2006. This assistance supported 14 equity investments valued at US$260.5 million, seven private sector loans worth US$425 million, two public sector loans totaling US$150 million, two partial credit guarantees of US$109.8 million, a political risk guarantee of US$15 million, and US$455 million in commercial loans under ADB's B-loan program.

For the first time, ADB supported private sector projects in the Central Asian republics of Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. ADB also approved for the first time public sector loans without a government guarantee: a US$75 million to boost power generation capacity in India and a US$75 million to transport gas from South Sumatra to West Java in Indonesia.

As of the end of 2006, ADB's overall exposure of nonsovereign operations reached US$2.6 billion, consisting of US$915 million in equity investments, loans of US$1.3 billion, and guarantees amounting to US$401 million. ADB's nonsovereign exposure is largest in the infrastructure sector with a total US$1.2 billion, followed by the financial sector with US$822 million, investment funds and capital markets with US$446 million, and exposure to other sectors at US$110 million. Nonsovereign exposure was largest in the People's Republic of China with a share of 21% of total nonsovereign exposure, followed by Indonesia with 14%, India with 13%, and Kazakhstan with 9%.

Project Performance

Significant improvement was made in disbursement last year compared with the past 10 years.

In 2006, loan disbursements totaled US$5.8 billion compared with US$4.7 billion in 2005. Of the total, US$4.4 billion were disbursements from ordinary capital resources while ADF disbursements accounted for the balance.

"In discussions with borrowers, countries highlighted the need for ADB to expand support for poverty reduction programs," said ADB's annual report. "The Board discussed a range of new financial mechanisms and business procedure reforms under the innovation and efficiency initiative to respond to client demands."

The annual report said ADB continued to strengthen its results orientation in 2006. Its country strategies are becoming more selective, more responsive to country priorities, and have better monitoring frameworks, the report added. Project design frameworks have improved but more improvement is needed.

The proportion of projects at risk is declining and project performance has continued its upward trend, said the annual report.

Source: UzReport, 25.04.2007


Uzbekistan, the world's No.2 cotton exporter, raised cotton-fibre output in January-March 2007 to 425,914 tonnes from 419,207 tonnes in the same period of 2006, the State Statistic Committee said on Tuesday, Reuters reported.

In the first quarter the Central Asian state produced 32,820 tonnes of yarn from processed cotton compared to 30,193 tonnes in January-March 2006.

Uzbekistan's 2006 cotton fibre output fell to 1.171 million tonnes from 1.188 million tonnes a year earlier.

Earlier government expected to export 750,000-800,000 tonnes of fibre in 2006 compared to 880,000 tonnes in 2005 which made up 19 per cent of total export revenues.

Source: UzReport, 25.04.2007