Kyrgyz Republic

Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan

Tajikistan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Afghanistan
Afghanistan

Official Name: Kyrgyz Republic

Area:

- total 199 951 sq km

- land 191 801 sq km

- water 8 150 sq km

Territories: 7 oblasts and 1 city - Bishkek Shaary, Chuy Oblasty (Bishkek), Jalal-Abad Oblasty, Naryn Oblasty, Osh Oblasty, Talas Oblasty, Ysyk-Kol Oblasty (Karakol), Batken Oblasty.

Population: 5 431 747 (July 2009 est.)

People: Kyrgyz 52.4%, Russian 18%, Uzbek 12.9%, Ukrainian 2.5%, German 2.4%, other 11.8%

Life Expectancy: 64 years

Capital: Bishkek

Executive body: President and Government

Highest legislative body: Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament) consisting of two chambers (105 deputies)

GDP: purchasing power parity — 13.88 billion USD

GDP — real growth rate: 5.3%

GDP per capita: purchasing power parity — 2 900 USD

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.1%

Budget:

- revenues: 207.4 million USD

- expenditures: 238.7 million USD

Major industries: small machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals, tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits and berries, sheep, goats, cattle, wool

Major trading partners: Russia, Switzerland, China, UK, Turkey, Cuba, US, Germany

Unemployment rate, as of the end of 2002 — 3.1 %

National currency (since 10.05.1993) — som

Share in total territory, %:

- agricultural lands — 54.1

- forest area — 5,3

- water basin area — 4.4

- other — 36.2

The longest rivers, km (the length along the territory of the state)

- Naryn — 535

- Chu — 221

- Kizil-Suu — 210

- Talas — 210

- Chatkal — 205

- Sari-Djaz — 198

The largest lakes, sq. km

- Issyk-Kul — 6.2

- Sonkul — 0.3

- Chatyr-Kul — 0.2

The highest point — Peak of Victory (7439 m)

The flag was adopted on 3 March 1992 at the 8th session of the Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament). 5 March 1992 was raised first time above Parliament House. The red background of the flag symbolizes bravery, the sun represents peace and wealth, and the tyundyuk — signifies fatherland and the universe in general.

State Symbol: mountainous eagle symbolizes bounty and vigilance, high thoughts of kyrgyzstanis, living in the country of mountains. Waters of lake - symbol of natural beauty, source of life and energy. Was adopted 14 January 1994 on Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament) session.

Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic
download (pdf, 83 kB)