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“SodaStream” technique delivers low-cost, filter-free water purification

Most common water purification methods rely on mechanical filters or a membrane to remove contaminants. But over time, these become clogged and need to be replaced. A new technology developed by researchers at Princeton University doesn’t require filters at all, instead relying on the injection of CO2 gas to change the water’s chemistry and separate waste particles based on their electrical charge.

A new water purification technique relies on an injection of CO2 gas into a water stream rather than filters or membranes to separate particles from water.

The system is simple and low-cost, consisting of a silicone rubber tube that is split into two channels at one end. Because silicone rubber is permeable to CO2, the pressurized gas is able to diffuse through one wall of the tube and mix with the water flowing inside. This interaction alters the chemistry of the water, making it slightly more acidic and creating charged particles, or ions.

One of these ions is a positively charged hydrogen atom, which moves quickly through the water solution, while another is a bicarbonate molecule with a negative charge that moves through the water more slowly. The movement of these molecules creates a small electric field and, because most particles suspended in the water have a charge, they are attracted to one side of the water stream, while the filtered water, which has no charge, continues in its own channel. The tube then splits in two, with the filtered water flowing through one, and the waste particles flowing through the other. Read more

Can we taste water after all?

Whether water has a taste of its own or is merely a flavor carrier has long divided the scientific community. Some scientists have proposed that its flavor depends on your saliva and what you were eating previously, while others have argued that it has its own, albeit undefined, taste that can be sensed by the brain. A new study by Caltech researchers could help advance this debate: according to their findings, not only does such a sense exist, but it’s located in an unexpected place.

Water has been described as “tasteless” since the time of Aristotle but a new Caltech study shows that it might actually have a taste of its own that our tongue can sense

Tastants are chemical molecules that stimulate the sensory cells in our taste buds that can detect the five basic tastes: sweetness, sourness, bitterness, saltiness and umami. For example, when we eat foods with ingredients such as cheese or tomatoes, the glutamate they contain elicits the taste known as umami. So exactly which of the five basic taste receptor cells does water stimulate – or is there a sixth that we don’t know about? Read more

Solar Impulse: Clean technologies are profitable and effective!

Solar Impulse 2 is the world first solar-powered aircraft that has made a round-the-world trip and crossed the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. In the pilot’s seat were alternately Bertrand Piccard, the author of the idea, hereditary balloonist, and engineer Andre Borschberg. The team of Solar Impulse, a unique and eco-friendly Swiss project, shared with us the basic principles of work and plans for the future.

Solar Impulse was not designed to carry passengers, but to convey the idea. To show that existing alternative energy sources and new technologies allow us to achieve what many thought as impossible. To draw attention to the need for change for the Earth future.

Even realizing that our actions threaten the death of the whole planet, many are still not ready to give up the usual standards of life. And appeals to such victims will always encounter resistance. Who will abandon his car because the sea level will rise in 30 years? Therefore, it is better to demonstrate to people that everyone can save and even improve the quality of life thanks to affordable and environmentally friendly technologies, while reducing the negative impact on the environment. Read more

2 Billion People Don’t Have Access To Clean Water, Opens up Fissures of Inequality

More than two billion people lack access to clean and safe drinking water, according to a new report released by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Although significant progress to ensure access to drinking water has been achieved, there is still a long way to go to ensure the quality of water—deemed free from pollutants and safe for drinking.

“Clean water and sanitation is central to other outcomes, for example, nutrition among children. While many countries like India have made it a top priority, many others haven’t been able to emphasise the issue yet,” Sanjay Wijesekera, Chief of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene at UNICEF, told IPS. Read more

Eternal Warmth: Most Unusual Geothermal Wellsprings

Water is the substance that gives life. Even if it is coming from the earth like a scalding fountain. Even in ancient times, people found the use of geothermal sources. And to the XXI century the scope of their application has grown from baths to power plants that produce environmentally friendly energy. The most amazing objects will be discussed in today’s Water-gallery.

1. Tuscany (Italy). The hills occupy about two thirds of the Tuscan countryside, and about a quarter of -the mountain. If you for some reason are tired of the Mediterranean Sea, head for the Cascata del Mulino, the so-called mill falls. Once it spun the millstones mills and now the tourists are splashing in the water with a constant temperature of 37.5 degrees year-round. Wishing to heal you can visit Bagni di Petriolo. Even the name of these hot springs is consonant with the Russian «banya» (bath), but even with a nice bonus in the form of mineral clay. Tuscany has not been bypassed by the attention of power engineering, in the near future it is planned to build a geothermal power station Bagnore 4 with a capacity of 40 MW. Read more